Breed, size, weight, age, temperament and strength are important characteristics when choosing the ideal dog collar and lead.
Anyone who has a dog knows that the collar is an essential item. Each person will have their preferences as to the style of the dog collar. However, it is essential to take into account the most important of all: the dog ! After all, despite his particular taste, he is the one who will wear the collar and have to adapt to it.
We’re not going to lie, most of them would love to live freely and free of trinkets around. But the dog collar is an item of mandatory use by law in several Brazilian locations and abroad. The dog collar is serious business!
Dog collar is required item
It is important to get your dog used to wearing a leash from an early age. It is important for keeping control of the dog while on the street or around people. Whether to avoid accidents, walk, keep the dog safe or for his training, the dog collar also teaches that his place in the pack order is below you.
The dog collar should be comfortable and fit snugly to the dog’s body. That is, neither too tight nor too loose. But always according to the type chosen so that it doesn’t hurt the animal.
The current pet market offers a multitude of collar brands, materials and features. Knowing how to choose the ideal and most suitable dog collar is not a simple task, it is an art!
The most popular are the so-called simple or traditional collars closed by buckles (like belts). However, there are still different versions of halters, chokers, breastplates and headcollars.
All of them can make all the difference in dealing with the animal depending on its breed, size, age, weight, temperament and strength. In addition to the purpose of use (walking, training, playing sports and even staying at home) which is also important for the choice.
Legislation for the use of a dog collar
For a better social life in society, it is necessary to respect the legislation of your state or country. Abroad, some races are banned, while others have certain requirements regarding living in public places, for example.
In Brazil, the competence to inspect and address the matter is the responsibility of the federation units (there is no uniformity at the federal level). However, all dogs must use a collar and lead with proper identification on the street. Just as dogs must be led with a choke chain, a short lead and a muzzle.
In any case, the dog is the responsibility of the handler who, knowing the temperament of the animal, must ensure the integrity of others, as well as the dog itself when performing in public. It is also necessary to provide the necessary security so that the animal does not escape from home and invade other territories.
Legislation by states
Legislation may vary from community to community. The city of São Paulo, for example, requires that some breeds considered “dangerous” or “bullies” (such as the Pitbull , the Rottweiler , the Neapolitan Mastiff, among others) be driven with a short lead, a choke chain and a muzzle.
Porto Alegre, on the other hand, goes further and prohibits the circulation of breeds considered “guard, combat or other aptitude characterized by strength and aggressiveness” in places where there are popular agglomerations. The Rio Grande do Sul law (nº 8.871/2001) does not specify which breeds fall into the “dangerous” category , but provides for fines.
Safety tips for using a dog collar
The dog collar is far from just a pretty accessory. That is, for it to also work as expected, it is necessary to pay attention to some details. The dog collar must be, above all, safe. So, pay attention to the tips below:
1. Value product quality
Although the market is full of products with numerous variations, there are also many products of poor quality that can hurt dogs. Research, investigate, read about it. Hear reports from people with more experience and consult your veterinarian before purchasing the product. Dogs are like children, wouldn’t you do the same for them?
2. Avoid fakes
Avoid counterfeit products and compare brands. There are very good national products in addition to imported products. Both made with materials such as nylon, leather, metallic chains and polyester, among others. Just stay away from imitations that usually don’t have the same quality.
3. Give preference to practicality
Give preference to washable and easy-to-clean materials, as well as durable and resistant. The “cute” is not always the best or most appropriate. When the product is easy to wash and maintain, as well as strong and durable, you are more likely to use it longer and longer.
4. Watch out for the price
The same rule goes for price. Beware of very cheap offers and high differences in value of the same product from one location to another. Here the cheap CAN be expensive and you will end up having to buy the product again.
5. Attention to length
The use of very long guides is not recommended, the ideal length should not be less than 1.40m, even if the driver is a child. Just as it must be in accordance with the size of the dogs.
6. Don’t stop using
Never go for a walk without a leash and leash, no matter how obedient and gentle your dog may be. He might get distracted by some other animal or something and run away. It is dangerous both for your dog that can be run over, and for other people. It is even dangerous for other animals that may feel threatened and attack you.
Different types of dog collar
Although a lot of people think that all collars are the same, just choose the one that best suits your pocket or taste, it’s not quite like that. In fact, they have a huge variety of styles and many differences between them.
Also, each type of dog collar serves a purpose. Some are done with the intention of strangling or causing discomfort when the dog pulls on the leash. Others are lighter, and serve only for containment.
Different dog collars for different purposes
Therefore, since each dog collar serves a purpose, you will have to decide which one will be yours for your dog. That is, a traditional dog collar that does not hang the dog is great for dogs that do not have respiratory problems. They are also good for those who don’t tend to pull too much on the guides while walking.
This is the case with the collar for large dogs such as Labradors and Golden retrievers , docile breeds with a calm temperament even in public places.
These dog collars are also more comfortable, especially if you are going to wear them all the time. Unlike pectoral dog collars , which are not comfortable for full-time use. In addition, they are not recommended for long-haired dogs like the Golden or Collie , as they can get stuck on the collar.
The traditional dog collar does not have this problem and adapts to almost any breed of dog . It is worth remembering that if the dog tends to pull the leash too much during walks, the collar can increase the risk of neck injuries, in which case a collar for a pectoral dog may be a better option.
There are also slip-on dog collars made for puppies that often slip off traditional collars. She has rings that narrow around her neck without hanging. This type of dog collar is excellent for Bulldogs , Greyhounds or other breeds with very thin or thick necks.
For these and others, the dog collar is an item that should be chosen with caution. Important factors must always be taken into account. For example, race, size, age, weight, temperament and even your level of strength and agility.
Full time dog collar
There are those who recommend the use of dog collars full time, so that the animal’s adaptation process is easier and faster. However, in case of very agitated dogs it is better to take it out at home. Thus, it is avoided that it gets caught in something and can even suffocate the animal when trying to free itself.
Daily use, always with his medal or identification plate, also prevents him from getting lost around if he is a fugitive. The most popular for this are the so-called simple or traditional dog collars , closed by buckles.
The dog collar can also be very useful and help to hold the dog in order to avoid certain behaviors. Like, for example, that he jumps on visitors, escapes through the open door or makes out with another dog in the house. It can even be used to take it off the furniture and hold it when bathing.
Material, identification and guide also matter
Nylon dog collars are more durable and dry faster than cotton or leather dog collars . The quality and the clasp, as well as the way to adjust the size, are super important.
For puppies, the ideal is a collar that “grows” with them, without being tight, hanging or being chewed. Plastic latch type fasteners should be checked periodically to verify that they are not deformed or losing pressure.
Regardless of the type of collar that is chosen, it is important to know that identification plates cannot be missing. They must always accompany or be attached to the chosen leash. That way, if something like accidents or escapes happen, whoever finds the animal can contact the owner right away.
Another important item is the leash to be attached to the collar, which must also be chosen carefully. The guide must take into account the same factors – race, personality, weight and strength. That way, they will be tough enough to withstand the bump. In addition, the leash must be of a length capable of allowing the owner to have complete control over the animal.
Be aware, just like shoes, dog collars also have numbers. Accessories can even be spruced up, but they mostly need to ensure your dog’s comfort and safety above all else.
To be able to make an appropriate choice, see a list below of 10 types of collars for different dogs:
1. Traditional dog collar
The traditional dog collar is the most popular and one of the cheapest options among many others available on the market. It is suitable for almost all breeds and sizes. An excellent collar for a Labrador Retriever , although it is mostly used for small to medium sized dogs.
It’s just not a good option for small or very thin-headed breeds like the Whippet , as they can get rid of them more easily.
They are made of various materials, the most common being polyester, nylon or leather fabric. The thickness must be compatible with the size of the dog, and can be customized with the recorded animal data. Thus, dispensing with identification plates.
Typically, this dog collar is closed by buckles, which can vary in clasp. It is always good to leave a gap of about an inch or two of space between the neck and the collar to prevent the dog from injuring itself when pulling or hanging.
2. Quick release dog collar
Quick – release dog collars are similar to traditional collars, but have a different beam. They have nylon belts with plastic clasps that allow them to be easily put on and taken off, without the dog having to pull them off with stronger pulls.
Typically, this dog collar is suitable for very active dogs, such as Greyhounds and Terriers . It should be used together with some more traditional type of collar during walks, to prevent the animal from completely freeing itself if it forces a run.
This collar is good for Greyhounds , Italian Greyhounds and Whippets that have small heads that are too thin for traditional collars.
3. Dog collar with slip
Like the quick release collar, the slip dog collar , also known as chokers or chokers, is recommended for restless dogs to prevent them from being strangled by their own arousal.
It is a great collar choice for Beagles and other sniffer and hunting dogs .
Slide dog collars can be made from cotton, leather, nylon and metal, which is the most popular among dog owners. It is composed of two rings that slide, which allow the control of the animal without the risk of hurting it.
One of the rings on the chain is always the same size, regardless of the animal’s pulls, and the other ring presses the dog’s neck in a controlled way, in case it forces its way out. This collar is widely used in specific training processes for dogs.
4. Electronic dog collars
Electronic dog collars are controversial, as they work through small shocks and electrical signals sent from a distance to the current placed on the animal’s neck.
It should not be used without the indication or supervision of a professional, as it can harm the dog if used incorrectly. They have stimulus options at different levels of intensity, which are controlled by the owner or trainer according to the occasion.
It is useful for corrections or disobedience, so they are widely used in training and training dogs, especially disobedient or aggressive dogs, such as some Bully breeds .
5. Hanger type dog collar
Hangers are quite controversial and are not the type that can be used by inexperienced owners. As the name implies, the choke chain usually causes an uncomfortable feeling of suffocation and pain in the dog every time he pulls the leash to avoid this behavior.
The choke collar is often used during dog training to condition aggressive or misfit dogs. For this reason, it can only be used with the guidance of a professional with great care and attention not to hurt the dog. They require practice to use them effectively.
Over time, the dog associates pain with inappropriate behavior, ceasing to display it. Be that as it may, the choke chain is also controversial as it has some disadvantages. That is, some dogs can develop even more aggressive responses to the collar, which can also cause this stress in them.
Material and size of the dog collar for hanging dog
Hangers are made of nylon, leather or metal. It has a unique nylon chain or strap with a ring at each end used to simulate a “bite” on the dog’s neck. If used inappropriately, they can put excessive pressure on the animal’s neck, causing serious strangulation.
No matter the material, the choke chain should NEVER be left around a dog’s neck unattended. This prevents it from tangling and killing the hanged dog. Some of them have hooks on the inside, the carranas (read more below), which can cause serious injuries to the most agitated dogs. There are also versions that feature a limiter that guarantees safety and greater comfort for the dog.
Great care must be taken when choosing the size of the choker. It needs to be a size bigger compared to a regular collar, to have a bigger gap and not hurt the dog. Ideally, it should be adjustable so the risk of injury is lower. This type of collar is widely used in medium to large breeds such as Pinschers, Molossoids and Highlanders.
It is widely used as a collar option for Rottweiler , Pitbull , Doberman Pinscher , Fila Brasileiro , Bullmastiff , Cane Corso , among others.
6. Adjustable Nylon Half Hanger Dog Collar
The Adjustable Nylon Half Hanger is a less “suffering” version for the dog made of a more delicate material, as if it were a middle ground. The difference is in the limit of pressure that can be exerted on the dog’s neck.
The part that is in contact with the dog’s neck is made of soft material, such as nylon, which is flexible and must adjust the width according to the size of the dog. It is more suitable for long-haired dogs ( German Shepherd , for example). Just like for dogs that are already trained and just need some light corrections.
It can also be used for puppies who can’t get too much pressure on their necks or for dogs with sensitive skin. This version also helps those who are still learning to train the dog and cannot fully master the correction technique with the chain choke.
7. Carrana dog collar
The carrana seems to be more of an instrument of torture than a collar. It is known as a necklace of staples or thorns and is a much more drastic variation on a choker.
The carrana is indicated only for the use of experienced trainers, in resistance training with more aggressive and medium to large breeds.
It is the type of collar for dogs like Mastiffs, Cane Corso , Pitbull , Dogo Argentino , among others. People inexperienced should not use them as they can cause serious injuries to the dog.
8. Headcollar dog collar
Also known as harnesses or halters; The “headcollars” type dog collar or head collars are suitable for dogs with a more agitated personality. It also serves to train dogs with behavior problems or very strong ones. Because, they allow to keep the dog’s attention efficiently during training.
The model is special for large dogs and molossoid dogs , as a collar option for Boxer and collar option for English Bulldog .
The strap wraps around the dog’s head and snout like a halter – at neck level. This facilitates the management of the animal, making it easier to get its attention when necessary without risk of hanging and injuries.
It’s not quite a muzzle, as the animal can feed using the item, but they are not recommended for short-nosed dogs or breeds considered brachycephalic. They are made of nylon, as the material hurts the animal less. Its biggest advantage is not having to use physical force to walk the dog, even if it is a leash for a Bullmastiff or Great Dane.
While muzzles are not collars themselves, they are an essential accessory for some occasions. Muzzles are made of leather or fabric, combined with plastic or metal. They have containment or walkway models that are distinguished by size, model and purpose. Thus, they are indicated for aggressive, agitated dogs that tend to bark too much and advance and may even bite.
Containment muzzles are indicated to prevent bites in cases of administration of vaccines or veterinary examinations. These models are narrower and prevent the dog from opening its mouth. The walking muzzles allow the dog to open its mouth and even drink liquids. They are more airy and only prevent the dog from biting other people or animals.
They are mandatory for dogs weighing over 20 kg and bully breeds as an option for a Pitbull collar, an American Staffordshire Terrier collar, and a Rottweiler collar , among others.
10. Collar for pectoral dog
This type of collar that looks more like harnesses are pectoral collars that are becoming increasingly popular for their numerous advantages. They are more suitable for small dogs (although there are models for all sizes), guide dogs or brachycephalic breeds (squat and short muzzle) with breathing problems.
So, it can be a Pug collar, Pekingese collar, French Bulldog collar, Shih Tzu collar or English Bulldog collar that are more susceptible to these respiratory problems or trachea collapse.
In the case of guide dogs, the chest collar comes with reinforced guides to give more control and security to the animal’s owner. Thus, they better divide the traction in the dog’s body without the need to pull the dog too much or hurt him.
They are excellent training tools for puppies to learn to behave on a lead. In addition, they still allow greater control over the animal by not allowing the dog to pull it by the leash. They also prevent him from jumping on people without having to hang him. They also don’t tend to accidentally tangle themselves in leashes.
The chest collar excludes any possibility of hanging, reduces the risk of neck injuries and also ensures that the dog does not get loose. Also, traditional collars can cause eyeballs to pop out of their sockets if too much pressure is applied to the neck. Especially in breeds where the eyes are already more bulging, like the Pekingese and the Pug .
Material and models
The pectoral collar is usually made of nylon, it allows the adjustment of the straps according to the dog. Thus, it involves the neck and chest and offers more security and comfort for dogs. It can also be connected both in the front fastened at chest height and in the back.
The model that connected at the front is better for larger breeds as it can be guided from the front. While collars connected at the back allow for less control and can lead the dog to pull on the leash more as he cannot feel the leadership necessary for his training. These are best suited for small breeds that are more sensitive to pressure and can be injured with the collar attached to the front.
The ideal model is one in which the leash (part connected to the collar to carry the dog) can be attached at chest height or in the area of the dog’s back, before or after the front legs.
1. Chest vest
The chest vest is a closed version of the chest collar. They are more suitable for medium and large dogs, which tend to pull a lot on the leash during walks.
The vest has become very popular because it has quilted versions, printed and made from different materials. They are preferred by fans of fashion items, as the variety of styles is quite large in this type of collar.
There is a model whose point of connection with the lead is in the front, on the animal’s chest and not on its back, so when he pulls forcing a run, his body will rotate facing the handler, causing him to stop.
2. Gentle Leader Collar
The Gentle Leader Collar is a collar specially made for training and walking without the need to hurt the dog to educate or correct it. It was scientifically designed to work with the dog’s natural instincts and help the owner or handler to impose himself as a “pack leader”, essential behavior for the success in dealing with the animal.
The collar provides a new method for teaching the dog proper behavior by opening a more effective line of communication between the dog and its owner without having to resort to animal cruelty.
The GL, as it is known, acts as a halter by means of a nylon strap connected to the dog’s muzzle and neck, signaling to him who is in control, in this case the handler who holds the leash.
Material and indication
The leash is attached to a loop under the dog’s chin, so that when tensioned, the nylon straps close the dog’s mouth by applying light pressure to the top of its neck. The intention is to give the same signals as the mother dog when she warns her puppies (the mother dog bites the snout or lifts the pup off the ground by the scruff when he behaves in an unwanted way).
The Gentle Leader Collar is especially suitable for large dogs or those with a lot of physical strength that tend to drag their owners along the street during walks. As well as for dogs with an agitated or hyperactive temperament, dominant, aggressive or prone to aggression and excessively shy or fearful.
It is a good collar option for Dalmatians , for example. The BitCão portal is an importer of the original Gentle Leader for Brazil, click here to connect with the store.
3. Easy Walk collar
In the same vein as the GL, the Easy Walk is a type of harness that was also created to discourage the “pulls” of the dogs without hurting them or creating a feeling of discomfort.
It is ideal for medium and large dogs that do not adapt to the use of the Gentle Leader Collar or for dogs of brachycephalic breeds with a very short muzzle.
While traditional harnesses encourage the “opposition reflex” – the behavior that dogs like Siberian Huskies , Malamutes and Samoyeds do when pulling sleds – their front strap prevents the dog from pulling by putting gentle pressure on the chest and shoulder blade.
Easy Walk is easy to put on, adjust and very practical. With four adjustment points attached to a D-Ring just above the pectoral bone under the sternum (flat, elongated bone that articulates with the upper ribs) rather than on the back. It takes all the pressure off the neck or throat, preventing coughing, choking, choking or damage to the windpipe. When the dog pulls the leash, pushing forward, the pressure makes the dog go back to the side naturally, being redirected to the handler and interrupting the movement.
Leads – As important and essential as collars
The leash is not a collar, but another essential item as it is also connected to all types of collars mentioned above. As well as identification plates that, regardless of the type of collar and guide, should not be dispensed with under any circumstances.
The leash is simply essential to guide and restrain the dogs during walks. For, in addition to defining their degree of freedom, it is with the guide that the handler imposes his control over the animal.
They are sold according to the weight of the dogs and produced in the traditional, automatic, retractable (elastic or cushioning) and round versions. They can be found in a wide variety of styles. They are made of leather, nylon, cotton and metal, each with a specific purpose and preference.
The leashes must be securely attached to the collar, regardless of the type, strong enough to prevent the dog from coming loose. They can be the size that the owner wants depending only on the degree of independence to be given to the dog. As well as in accordance with your obedience capacity, personality and strength.
Types of guides
For sidewalk walks in busy places they should not be too long (recommended length of 1.5 meters). This is the case with traditional guides for tours that do not follow a standard. However, its length must allow absolute control of the dog.
The training guides must be at least 1.80 m long. That way, the trainer or the person who is leading the dog has enough slack to perform all the necessary exercises and still have absolute control of the animal. This type of guide must not contain any accessories, such as pull absorbers or plastic bag compartments, among others.
For those who are training the dog to obey commands from a distance, or making the transition so that the dog obeys even without using a leash, there is the Long Training Guide , with 7m. It is always made of leather or cotton, as they are more “gentle” with the hands of owners and trainers. Also to reduce the risk of burns and injuries if it gets tangled up in people’s feet and legs.
Electronic guides or extenders
In the case of electronic or automatic , retractable or extender guide models , it can be longer (up to 10m). However, it should only be used in places free from a lot of movement, traffic, crowds of people, where there is danger to the dog.
The handler controls the space he wants to give the dog through a button, which loosens or tightens the leash, preventing the animal from letting go or going too far. Similar to the automatic version, the damping guide model is smoother when holding the dog. And the round leash model is more suitable for agitated dogs that tend to curl up on the leash, as it is shorter and made with thicker and more resistant material.
Nylon guides are more traditional, recommended for everyday use and offer an almost infinite amount of color. Leather tabs are more durable, gentler to the touch, won’t hurt your hands. In addition, they get even better as time goes by, but requires care such as not keeping it wet.
As with leather, guides made of cotton or rope also last a long time and are softer and more comfortable. Both are recommended for training. Always remember to check the manufacturer’s recommendation label before purchasing.
Important reminders and tips:
Avoid retractable guides
Avoid using retractable leashes (elastic or with shock absorbers) as they encourage dogs to pull. That is, inappropriate behavior for the dog and very uncomfortable for the handler.
Look for a compromise regarding the thickness of the guide. Leads that are too thin are difficult to hold and those that are too thick and heavy are impractical and uncomfortable for both the dog and the handler.
look for comfort
The loop where the conductor holds must be comfortable. Test to see if you can hold on tight under pressure for a while. Some materials and types of cuts can hurt the hand if the dog tends to pull hard. The ideal is a model made of cotton, leather or rope (lighter and more resistant materials), always with a swivel carabiner to make them easier to carry.
Attention to leather
In the case of a guide made of leather, opt for one made of braided leather, which has a tailpiece instead of a seam. These tend to break over time, and the finishing is done through very secure braids.
Be careful not to hurt
Avoid accessories that can annoy or hurt the dog. Collars and leashes are not decorative accessories. They should easily adjust to the body, wear quickly and without discomfort.
Attention to schedules
Avoid walking the dog on very hot days and times. There are many cases of heat stroke, burns on the soles of the paws and skin cancers. Especially among short-haired or light-haired dogs.
Try to be consistent
Ensure daily walks, at least 2x a day, they are essential for the health of dogs. Especially, those who have little space to exercise. Walks are also an excellent way to strengthen the bond between owner and dog. In other words, a very important stimulus and socialization.
Attention to cleaning
Always take a plastic bag to collect your dog’s feces, the walk stimulates the peristaltic movements of the intestine (there are guides with attached accessories that contain plastic bag refills).
Dog collars on the market
It doesn’t matter what breed your dog is. Be it an imposing Weimaraner , an agile Pit Bull terrier or a docile mutt.
You will need a firm leash and leash when you go out for walks or play. To help you choose, we’ve selected market favorites plus some really cool accessories.
All of them are imported manufacturing, but nowadays with the internet, this is no longer a problem. Most of the big petshops around here already have imported products like these in their stocks. In addition, many of the product websites ship to all corners of the earth.
See our selection below and look for the model that suits you best or the one that best suits your friend’s breed:
1. Chacos Guide
Whether you’re familiar with Chacos collars or already own one, you’ll love the leash that matches them. This one is adjustable and can be expanded to fit around your waist so you don’t have to hold it in your hands when you’re walking or running with it.
* To purchase or more information about the product visit Chacos .
2. Ruffwear Ridgeline
If you want to climb with your dog, these harnesses from the Ruffwear brand are rated at 900kg, allowing you to tether your dog and pull him above places he could not reach on his own.
* To purchase or more product information visit Ruffwear .
4. Mendota Slip Lead
The Mendota Slip is a collar-and-leash combination that teaches your dog not to pull and still comes with the guarantee that it lasts as long as your dog’s life.
* To purchase or more product information visit Mendota Products .
5. Bike Tow Leash Guide
This semi-rigid arm attaches to the back of the bike and the other end to the dog’s leash, keeping him away from the wheels when the two of you go for a walk together. Watch the video and learn how to use the accessory.
* To purchase or more product information visit Bike Tow Leash .
6. Found My Animal
This rope guide was inspired by the nautical world. A portion of its value is donated to animal adoption institutions.
* To purchase or more product information visit Found My Animal .
7. Flexi Vario
If your dog likes to run around, this type of retractable leash is the best. It’s nice because you can add accessories like an LED flashlight and a detachable “glove box” for cookies and bags to collect poop along the way (all sold separately).
* To purchase or more product information visit Flexi .
8. Bold Lead Designs
Handcrafted in Colorado from vegetable-dyed leather, this leash is versatile and can be adjusted around your waist so you don’t have to use your hands, and it has two clips to carry more than one dog.
* To purchase or more product information visit Bold Lead Designs .
9. OllyDog Running Strap and Lead
Combine the lightweight, flexible OllyDog elastic leash with the strap that features a pocket for treats, keys and poop bags, and you’ve got a running kit made for high speeds.
* To purchase or more product information visit OllyDog .
10. RockPet canine guide
1.80 m of climbing rope and a carabiner for you to fly together like a rocket.
* To purchase or more product information visit RockPet.
11. Kurgo Tru-Fit Dog Harness
Protect your dog from traffic accidents during any journey inside the car with this harness that attaches to the car’s seat belt.
* To purchase or more information about the product visit Kurgo .
12. GoPro Fetch
I know you’ve always wanted to strap a GoPro to your dog to see the world through his eyes! Now you can with this accessory! Watch the video and see how it works: