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Is chocolate toxic to dogs
Is chocolate toxic to dogs? Yes, chocolate is toxic to dogs. While rarely fatal, eating too much chocolate can result in significant illness or even death. Caffeine is toxic because it contains theobromine, which is a stimulant. Caffeine is a stimulant found in coffee beans and tea leaves. It’s very similar to theobromine, Both chemicals are used medically as a diuretic (to help remove excess fluid from the body), a heart stimulant (to increase the heart rate), a blood vessel dilator (to widen blood vessels), Caffeine and theobromine are not digested as efficiently by dogs as they are by humans. That is why dogs react differently than humans to chemical exposure.
How much chocolate is poisonous to a dog?
The amount of toxic tannins varies with the type of cocoa bean. The darker and more bitter the chocolate is, the more dangerous it will be for dogs. Baking chocolate and dark chocolate are highly concentrated, containing up to 450 mg of theobromines per ounce. Milk chocolate contains about 44-58 milligrams per ounce. White chocolate rarely poses any threat of chocolate poisoning with just 0.25 mg of caffeine per ounce of chocolate.## Inputs for Training Even if the amount ingested is not a toxicity concern, dogs can still become ill from the fat and sugar in chocolate. These can cause pancreatitis in severe cases or in dogs that have more sensitive stomachs. To put this in perspective, a medium-sized dog weighing 50 pounds would only need to eat 1 ounce of baker’s chocolate, or 9 ounces of milk chocolate, to potentially show signs of poisoning. For many dogs, ingesting small amounts of milk chocolate is not harmful.
What are the clinical signs of chocolate poisoning?
Clinical signs depend on the amount and type of chocolate ingested. For many dogs, the most common clinical signs are vomiting, diarrhea, increased thirst, panting or restlessness, excessive urination, and racing heart rate. In severe cases, symptoms can include muscle tremors, seizures, and heart failure. Complications such as developing aspiration pneumonia from vomiting, can make the prognosis for chocolate poisoning worse. When in doubt, immediate treatment by your veterinarian is recommended if a poisonous amount of chocolate is ingested.
“Clinical signs of chocolate poisoning can take hours to develop and last for days.”
Signs of chocolate poisoning may not appear for several hours after eating chocolate. signs due to large exposures can last for days due to the long half-life of theobromine. If you suspect that your dog has eaten chocolate, seek medical attention immediately by calling your veterinarian or Pet Poison Helpline.
It may be necessary to seek medical attention by calling your veterinarian or Pet Poison Helpline as soon as you suspect that your dog has eaten chocolate.
What should I do if my dog eats chocolate?
If you think your pet has eaten too much chocolate, contact your vet or Pet Poison Helplines to see if there’s any danger. If a toxic amount of any substance is ingested, you should take your dog to the vet immediately. As soon as treatment begins, the sooner your dog’s prognosis improves.
What is the treatment for chocolate poisoning?
Depending on the amount and type of chocolate consumed, treatment may vary.
Intravenous fluids are commonly used to treat dogs who are dehydrated or have diarrhea. They’re often given to promote the excretion of bromide.
A toxic amount of chocolate should be closely monitored for signs of agitation, vomiting, diarrhea, nervousness, irregular heart rhythm, and high blood pressure. Medications to treat restlessness and others signs may also be necessary.
I saw a treat made for dogs that contains chocolate. Isn’t this dangerous?
Many gourmet dog treats use carob as a chocolate substitute
“Carob looks similar to chocolate and the two are often confused.”
Most dogs don’t tolerate carob well, but some may be okay with small amounts. However, most vets recommend against giving your dog chocolate in anything other than small amounts.
Pet Poison Helpline services are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week for pet owners and veterinary professionals who need assistance treating a potentially poisoned animal.
Staff members provide treatment advice for poisoning cases involving all types of animals, including dogs, cats and small mammals, large animals, and exotic species. As the most cost-effective option for animal poison control, Pet Poison Helplines’ fee of $65 per incident includes follow up consultations for the duration of an animal poisoning case. $65 per incident includes follow-up consultations for the duration of the poison case. Pet Poison Helplines are available in North America by dialling 800-213-6680 800-213-6680. You can find additional information online at www.petpoisonhelpline.com www.petpoisonhelpline.com